PTABWatch Blog

PTABWatch, provided by Marshall, Gerstein & Borun LLP, analyzes and reports recent developments concerning Post-Grant Proceedings at the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), including Inter Partes Review (IPR), Post Grant Review (PGR), and Covered Business Method (CBM) proceedings.

Recent Blog Posts

  • Secondary Considerations Change Panel’s Mind after Institution The PTAB is not often persuaded by objective evidence of non-obviousness, i.e., secondary considerations, when the scope and content of the prior art includes all of the features recited in the claims. However, a pair of recent PTAB decisions, Innopharma Licensing, Inc. v. Senju Pharmaceutical Co., LTD., IPR2015-00902, Paper 90, and IPR2015-00903, Paper 82 (PTAB July 28, 2016), provides a rare example where the PTAB completely changed its mind after instituting the IPRs. The decisions offer the same message, and... More
  • For CBM standing, is “incidental to” a financial product or service enough? If a patented mobile phone app can locate a nearby ATM machine, are the claims of that patent subject to CBM review because ATMs are used in financial transactions? What if the claim could cover a business entity that, incidentally, might also push advertisements to a mobile phone? Is it enough that a claim is merely “incidental to” a financial product or service, or, must a claim actually require that something be used to practice, administer, or manage a financial... More
  • PTAB Provides Procedural Guidance with Five Precedential Opinions The Patent Trial and Appeal Board recently designated five opinions as “precedential.” Each of these opinions addresses procedural aspects of AIA proceedings, including requests for additional discovery, the one-year time period for filing a petition, amending claims, and requirements for PTAB consideration of a petition. A summary of each opinion follows. By designating these opinions as precedential, the PTAB has provided a better procedural roadmap for parties moving forward. In Garmin Int’l v. Cuozzo Speed Techs LLC, Case IPR2012-00001, Paper No. 26 (March... More
  • CAFC Puts the “Reasonable” Back in the BRI Standard In a pair of decisions from related IPR appeals, the Federal Circuit reversed and remanded portions of two final written decisions related to the same patent and parties because the PTAB’s construction of the claims was unreasonably broad. See, PPC Broadband, Inc. v. Corning Optical Comm’ns, Appeal Nos. 2015-1361, et al. (Fed. Cir., Feb. 22, 2016); PPC Broadband, Inc. v. Corning Optical Comm’ns, Appeal No. 2015-1364 (Fed. Cir., Feb. 22, 2016). The Federal Circuit highlighted the differences between the BRI standard... More
  • Estoppel Applied in Second CBM to Later-Obtained Patent and Evidence Six days after issuing a final decision holding the claims of U.S. Patent No. 7,711,100 unpatentable under 35 U.S.C. § 101 in a first CBM review, Square, Inc. v. Unwired Planet, LLC, CBM2014-00156, (PTAB Dec. 22, 2015), the PTAB issued a decision denying institution in a second CBM Petition filed by the same Petitioner for the same patent, determining that the petitioner was estopped under 35 U.S.C. § 325(e)(1) from raising the grounds of the second petition, based on a... More
  • Institution Decisions are Nonappealable. Settled? Maybe Not Yet. The ability to appeal the determination on institution of an IPR is expressly limited by statute. 35 U.S.C. § 314(d) states: “The determination by the Director whether to institute an inter partes review under this section shall be final and nonappealable.” An identically-phrased limitation is also applicable to PGR institution decisions at 35 U.S.C. § 324(e), and by extension, to CBMR institution decisions. On its face, this part of the post-grant proceedings schema seems clear and simple: PTAB institution decisions... More
  • Decisions in Deere & Company v. Gramm provide tips for petitions The Board’s decisions instituting inter partes review on several grounds in two petitions filed by Deere & Company provide guidance on possible ways to organize an IPR petition and identify grounds for review.  Deere filed two petitions (IPR2015-00898 and -00899) against U.S. Patent No. 6,202,395 (Gramm) asserting parallel challenges based on slightly different groupings of prior art. The Patent Trial and Appeal Board instituted trial on both, offering four observations that may be helpful when preparing an IPR petition. First, the... More